3. The מָסוֹרָה קְטַנָּה, is found in BHS on the outside margins of the page. This is also known by its Latin name, the Masora parva. These are notes written in a combination of Aramaic and abbreviations, which helped copyists and readers preserve the text exactly by noting unusual forms. For example, וְהָאֱלֹהִים in v. 1 has a circle above it; this connects it to the marginal note to the left of that verse, the first of which reads ז, representing the numeral 7. (ז is the seventh letter of the Hebrew alphabet.) This means that the word וְהָאֱלֹהִים (with both the definite article and the conjunction) is found seven times in the Hebrew Bible. The system behind these notes is quite complex, and will not be examined here; those interested should consult Israel Yeivin, Introduction to the Tiberian Masorah, translated and edited by E. J. Revell (1985) or his newer Hebrew book המסורה למקרא published in 2003, as well asThe Masorah of Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia: Introduction and Annotated Glossary, by Page Kelley (1998).
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The Hebrew-English Interlinear ESV Old Testament is an essential volume for all who study the Old Testament in the original Hebrew. On each page the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS) Hebrew text is laid out word-by-word above an English gloss showing the basic meaning and morphology of each word. Stuttgartensia a reader's edition pdf biblia hebraica stuttgartensia interlinear pdf biblia hebraica stuttgartensia online with critical apparatus pdfbiblia hebraica stuttgartensia app biblia hebraica stuttgartensia 1984 biblia hebraica stuttgartensia 5th edition pdf Page 1. Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. Oct 15, 2017 Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia Interlinear Pdf Files. Windows Version 5. Our Windows Online Bible is designed for use on a Windows XP through 1. Also included on this disc at on extra charge is the Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, the Alaxander Scourby narration of the whole Bible and All of Spurgeon's sermons of which.
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4. A modified form of the מָסוֹרָה גְּדוֹלָה is found in BHS immediately below the biblical text. This is also known as the Masora magna. The main function of the מָסוֹרָה גְּדוֹלָה was to elucidate some notes in the מָסוֹרָה קְטַנָּה by adding specific biblical references. For example, the מָסוֹרָה גְּדוֹלָה notes that the word וְהָאֱלֹהִים in Gen 22:1 is one of seven occurrences of the word וְהָאֱלֹהִים in that form, and the מָסוֹרָה גְּדוֹלָה might indicate where the other six occurrences were. However, since these notes were compiled before chapter and verse numbers were inserted into the Hebrew Bible, the traditional מָסוֹרָה גְּדוֹלָה would do this by quoting part of the verse of each occurrence. This is no longer necessary, so BHS has created a new type of מָסוֹרָה גְּדוֹלָה, expanding upon the notes in the מָסוֹרָה גְּדוֹלָה in a volume by G. E. Weil, Massorah Gedolah. For example, the מָסוֹרָה קְטַנָּה for 22:1 noted that וְהָאֱלֹהִים is found seven times; that ז is followed by a superscript 1, which is a footnote marker, referring to the 1 which follows Cp 22 (chapter 22) on the first line below the end of the Hebrew text. That note reads 1Mm 145, which means that the seven occurrences may be found by looking up Weil'sMassorah Gedolah (1971), number 145. These notes are sometimes useful for finding particular forms or patterns which are noted in the Masorah, but there are usually easier ways to find the same information, such using a concordance (see the page on concordances here).
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13 Q Considering the. Software, hardback, interlinear, and soft-back editions, which call. It proves the errors in the corrupt Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. ESV (English Standard Version) Interlinear Hebrew English Old Testament / Bible. Who'd want to read a book on a screen? For 21 years, we've backed up the Web. The Hebrew-English Interlinear ESV Old Testament is an essential volume for all who study the Old Testament in the original Hebrew.On each page the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS) Hebrew text is laid out word-by-word above an English gloss showing the basic meaning and morphology of each word.
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Since textual criticism is as much an art as a science, and each edition of a scholarly work bears the particular assumptions and understandings of its editors, BHS or any edition of the Bible cannot be considered definitive. In addition, since the time BHS was completed, additional textual evidence, especially from the Dead Sea Scrolls, has been published. It is thus not surprising that at least three other projects to produce critical editions of the Hebrew Bible are underway (see here). Yet BHS remains especially important since it is the most recent complete scholarly edition of the Bible.
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The Primary Evidence used by BHS and other Critical Bibles
Each of the versions is also documented in a variety of manuscripts, and exists in critical editions based on what its editors think is the best or most original version. These non-Hebrew 'textual witnesses' are discussed in detail in Tov, Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible, 23-154. Students who do not have access to the original languages and resources will find the following two resources, helpful: Eugene Ulrich, The Biblical Qumran Scrolls: Transcriptions and Textual Variants (Brill, 2010) andA New English Translation of the Septuagint, by Albert Pietersma and Benjamin G. Wright (Oxford University Press, 2007).